Which NIMS Management Characteristic is necessary for achieving situational awareness and facilitating information sharing?

The NIMS Management Characteristic necessary for achieving situational awareness and facilitating information sharing is Integrated Communications.

Integrated Communications within the Incident Command System (ICS) framework ensures that all incident response teams and agencies can communicate effectively, using common language and interoperable equipment, which is crucial for coordinating efforts, sharing real-time information, and making informed decisions during emergencies. For example, during a multi-agency wildfire response, Integrated Communications enables firefighters, law enforcement, and medical teams to coordinate effectively using a unified communication plan, ensuring that critical information about fire behavior, evacuation routes, and resource needs is shared promptly and accurately across different teams.

From the perspective of emergency responders and incident commanders, Integrated Communications is not just about the technical aspects of connectivity and interoperability, but also about establishing protocols and procedures that enable seamless information flow, thereby enhancing the overall effectiveness and safety of the response operations.

Source: https://training.fema.gov/is/courseoverview.aspx?code=IS-100.c&lang=en